Download e-book for kindle: A Companion to Ethics by Peter Singer

By Peter Singer

During this quantity, a few of state-of-the-art such a lot distinct philosophers survey the entire box of ethics, from its origins, in the course of the nice moral traditions, to theories of ways we should stay, arguments approximately particular moral matters, and the character of ethics itself. The e-book could be learn instantly via from starting to finish; but the inclusion of a multi-layered index, coupled with a descriptive define of contents and bibliographies of correct literature, implies that the amount additionally serves as a piece of reference, either for these coming afresh to the examine of ethics and for readers already accustomed to the topic.

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There would always be a number of princes qualified for the throne; what gained it for 17 PART I • TH E ROOTS any particular one was the support of the people for him against his royal rivals who would never unite among themselves against him. While kingmakers could also become kingbreakers the proverb served to remind them that it was their choice that the king ruled, and if it had been a poor one, it was their fault as much as the king’s. Power of both kings and kingmakers is undone by its inherent vulnerability unless it is used for good.

It is principally from the attempt to understand vernacular epistemologies and logics of action that the realization has grown that there are well-developed moral and ethical systems embedded in the cultures of small-scale societies. The constructs of Western moral philosophy cannot be applied to other cultures without some modification. Culture is learned behaviour (and its prod­ ucts) to which social meaning is accorded. Meaning is somewhat arbitrary; what is mechanistically the same behaviour will have different meanings in different societies.

He has no concern, however, with the behaviour of unrelated persons’ (Glasse, 1965). 24 2 • ETHICS IN SM A LL -S C A LE SOCIETIES Among the Manus of the Admiralty Islands the moral life of the household is watched over by the ghost of a recently dead male relative. His skull is kept in the house and the ghost punishes various offences by sending sickness and mis­ fortune (Mead 1963). Among many southern African Bantu-speaking peoples the semi-divine spirits of ancestors both punish wrongdoers and reward good behaviour.

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A Companion to Ethics by Peter Singer

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