By Lawrence C. Becker, Charlotte B. Becker
This newly revised and up-to-date variation of A background of Western Ethics is a coherent and available review of an important figures and influential rules of the historical past of ethics within the Western philosophical culture.
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Extra resources for A History of Western Ethics
There he expounds and criticizes the ethics of the Hellenistic schools, thus translating these doctrines into Latin and providing precious information on what would otherwise be lost. Here too Cicero’s Roman identity shows through, but this work is less distinctive of Roman ethics than two earlier essays he wrote, De republica (The Republic) and De legibus (On Laws). In both of these books, whose titles are modeled on Plato (c. ), Cicero produces his own blend of Greek ethics and Roman values. The Roman flavor emerges most clearly in Cicero’s focus on political well-being and improvement.
Atlantic Highlands, NJ: Humanities Press, 1974 [1833–1836]. The modern history of Hellenistic ethics begins with Hegel. ” Although Hegel’s assessment is no longer fully acceptable, much that he wrote remains acute and suggestive. Inwood, Brad. Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1985. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1986. ——. Stoic Studies. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1996. The Hellenistic Philosophers. 2 vols. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1987. Collection of texts in original language and translation; commentary.
This is not to say that Panaetius altered ethical theory in an elitist direction. Earlier Stoics, unlike the Epicureans, had stated that their wise man, salva virtute, would engage in politics. What Panaetius probably did was to emphasize the congruence between a would-be Stoic’s ethical outlook and practice and the ideal values of the Roman elite with their emphasis on political service and achievement. Traditional Roman virtus, as noted above, was constantly in danger of corruption into a ruthless drive for power and recognition.
A History of Western Ethics by Lawrence C. Becker, Charlotte B. Becker