Download PDF by Mel Thompson: Access to Religion and Philosophy. Ethical Theory

By Mel Thompson

The 3rd variation of moral conception has been up-to-date in response to the revised a degree specification necessities. It offers a necessary heritage to moral concerns via giving an summary of significant moral theories and the way those will be utilized to a number of modern ethical matters. the hot variation combines all of the strengths of the second one version with a brand new layout and contours to make the content material extra obtainable to all scholars that allows you to strengthen their realizing of the subject. New positive aspects comprise: - Key questions during the chapters to assist scholars specialize in the foremost concerns - key words outlined and defined in the course of the chapters - Profiles of key contributors - their contribution and value - extra precis diagrams all through to assist revision - images and illustrations - Revision checklists on the finish of chapters - New exam-style questions and assistance on the finish of every bankruptcy.

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In other words, if I intuit what is ‘good’ and base my morality on that, I do not need to explain it further. In philosophy, intuitionism is a theory that applies also to mathematics: that we know mathematical principles a priori, rather than through experience – a tradition that goes back to Kant and even to Plato. This general approach – that the good can be known but not defined – may be called intuitionism, although that was not a term that Moore himself used for it. His theory was mainly focused on the primacy of the word ‘good’, whereas a broad intuitionist approach would see all moral claims as justified by intuition.

Wanting to scratch is what we call ‘having an itch’. MORAL LANGUAGE 41 Faced with such criticism, attempts were made to find a meaning for religious language that would satisfy the criteria for meaningfulness set by logical positivism. e) Emotivism Key word Emotivism: the view that ethical statements are merely expressions of approval or disapproval. Key question How do emotions expressed in ‘moral’ statements differ (if at all) from other emotions? Key quote ‘… in saying that a certain type of action is right or wrong, I am not making any factual statement, not even a statement about my own state of mind.

44 ETHICAL THEORY Revision checklist Can you explain…? ■ ■ ■ ✓ The difference between describing an action as moral, immoral or amoral. The difference between a deontological and the teleological approach to ethics.

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Access to Religion and Philosophy. Ethical Theory by Mel Thompson


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