Read e-book online Accommodating revolutions: Virginia's Northern Neck in an PDF

By Albert H. Tillson Jr.

ISBN-10: 0813928451

ISBN-13: 9780813928456

ISBN-10: 0813928516

ISBN-13: 9780813928517

Accommodating Revolutions addresses an issue of lengthy status between historians of eighteenth-century the United States and Virginia -- the level to which inner clash and/or consensus characterised the society of the innovative period. specifically, it emphasizes the complicated and infrequently self-defeating activities and judgements of dissidents and different non-elite teams. by way of targeting a small yet major sector, Tillson elucidates the a number of and interrelated resources of clash that beset progressive Virginia, but in addition explains why finally so little changed.In the Northern Neck -- the six-county section of Virginia's Tidewater mendacity among the Potomac and Rappahannock rivers -- Tillson scrutinizes a prosperous and strong, yet stricken, planter elite, which integrated such admired males as George Washington, Richard Henry Lee, Landon Carter, and Robert Carter. during the overdue eighteenth and early 19th centuries, the Northern Neck gentry faced not just contradictions in cultural beliefs and behavioral styles inside of their very own lives, but in addition the continual hostility in their poorer white pals, bobbing up from a various array of neighborhood monetary and political matters. those insecurities have been extra intensified via alterations within the process of African American slavery and via the turning out to be function of Scottish retailers and their Virginia brokers within the advertising of Chesapeake tobacco. For a time, the upheavals surrounding the struggle for American Independence and the approximately contemporaneous upward push of vivid, biracial evangelical non secular hobbies threatened to extend well known discontent to the purpose of overwhelming the gentry's political authority and cultural hegemony. yet after all, the present order survived basically intact. partially, this used to be as the region's leaders came upon how you can restrict and accommodate threatening advancements and styles of swap, mostly by using conventional social and political appeals that had served them good for many years. but partially it was once additionally simply because traditional Northern Neckers -- together with many leaders within the routine of wartime and non secular dissidence -- consciously or unconsciously accommodated themselves to either the styles of monetary swap reworking their global and to the normal beliefs of the elite, and hence have been not able to articulate or settle for another imaginative and prescient for the way forward for the zone.

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Extra info for Accommodating revolutions: Virginia's Northern Neck in an Era of Transformations, 1760-1810

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66 The discrepancy between his principles and his actions became particularly embarrassing to Lee during the Stamp Act controversy. With this legislation, the British Parliament attempted to collect revenue in the colonies by requiring that stamps be purchased and placed on legal documents and a wide variety of other paper products. As Lee later recounted it, when he fi rst heard of the impending legislation, in November 1764, he immediately and without reflection sent several letters to England seeking appointment as the distributor of the stamps in Virginia, a position that was expected to be very lucrative.

Carter insisted that he attend a dance with her, another young man confronted him and demanded to know why he had come if he wanted neither to dance nor to play cards. 40 Ultimately, the requirements of fashionable behavior and consumption could endanger the standing of all members of the gentry class. If winning at horse races or in other forms of gambling conferred status, defeat could bring social as well as fi nancial losses. The close attention to detail in Francis Christian’s dancing lessons, and the energy and enthusiasm with which young people approached both lessons and social dancing, corroborate what other observers have suggested: for eighteenth-century Virginians, dancing was 23 Accom modat i ng R e volu t ions not merely congenial but also competitive.

The immediately following sentences, however, suggest just how uncertain the line between prudent expenditures and superficial frivolity could sometimes be: “Determined always to raise myself in the world, I had not patience to wait for the slow savings of a humble station; and I fancied I could get into a higher only by my being taken notice of by people of condition, which was not to be done without my making a certain appearance. How far this idea has succeeded is not for me to say. ” 51 Critics of extravagance, and especially of gambling, could also take comfort in ascribing those vices to the presumably passing passions of youth.

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Accommodating revolutions: Virginia's Northern Neck in an Era of Transformations, 1760-1810 by Albert H. Tillson Jr.

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