By David A Bender(auth.)
Amino Acid Metabolism, 3rd Edition covers all points of the biochemistry and dietary biochemistry of the amino acids. beginning with an summary of nitrogen fixation and the incorporation of inorganic nitrogen into amino acids, the publication then info different significant nitrogenous compounds in micro-organisms, vegetation and animals. Contents comprise a dialogue of the catabolism of amino acids and different nitrogenous compounds in animals, and the microbiological reactions thinking about unlock of nitrogen gasoline again into the ambience. Mammalian (mainly human) protein and amino acid specifications are thought of intimately, and the tools which are used to figure out them.
Chapters contemplate person amino acids, grouped in keeping with their metabolic foundation, and discussing their biosynthesis (in crops and micro-organisms for people that are nutritional necessities for human beings), significant metabolic roles (mainly in human metabolism) and catabolism (again commonly in human metabolism). there's additionally dialogue of regulatory mechanisms for a lot of these metabolic pathways, and of metabolic and genetic illnesses affecting the (human) metabolism of amino acids.
Throughout the ebook the emphasis is at the dietary value of amino acids, integration and keep an eye on of metabolism and metabolic and different disturbances of relevance to human biochemistry and health.
- Completely revised variation of this finished textual content overlaying all of the most modern findings in amino acid metabolism research
- Written through an expert within the box
- Covers new advances in structural biology
- Clear illustrations of all buildings and metabolic pathways
- Full record of advised additional studying for every bankruptcy and bibliography of papers mentioned within the text
Chapter 1 Nitrogen Metabolism (pages 1–65):
Chapter 2 Nitrogen stability and Protein Turnover – Protein and Amino Acids in Human meals (pages 67–104):
Chapter three The function of diet B6 in Amino Acid Metabolism (pages 105–128):
Chapter four Glycine, Serine and the One?Carbon Pool (pages 129–155):
Chapter five Amino Acids Synthesized from Glutamate: Glutamine, Proline, Ornithine, Citrulline and Arginine (pages 157–223):
Chapter 6 Amino Acids Synthesized from Aspartate: Lysine, Methionine (and Cysteine), Threonine and Isoleucine (pages 225–277):
Chapter 7 The Branched?Chain Amino Acids: Leucine, Isoleucine and Valine (pages 279–303):
Chapter eight Histidine (pages 305–322):
Chapter nine The fragrant Amino Acids: Phenylalanine, Tyrosine and Tryptophan (pages 323–376):
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Additional resources for Amino Acid Metabolism, Third Edition
1 The incorporation of fixed nitrogen into organic compounds Utilization of nitrite and nitrate in plants Nitrates applied to the soil as fertilizer, and washed into the soil together with nitrites formed by the atmospheric oxidation of nitrogen or bacterial oxidation of ammonium, are taken up by the roots by active transport using a pH gradient generated by an ATPase. Nitrate is reduced to ammonium before being used by plants and microorganisms for amino acid synthesis. The two enzymes involved – nitrate reductase and nitrite reductase – are widely distributed in plants and microorganisms.
Formyl tetrahydrofolate is oxidized to formyl dihydrofolate by oxidized cytochrome c and, after the formyltransferase reaction, the dihydrofolate is reduced back to tetrahydrofolate by dihydrofolate reductase (Baggott & Tamura, 2010). 1 Phosphoribosyl pyrophosphate (PRPP) synthetase Phosphoribosyl pyrophosphate (PRPP) is the initial substrate for purine synthesis and, as discussed below, the availability of PRPP is a major regulatory factor in the rate of purine nucleotide synthesis. There are two highly homologous isoenzymes of PRPP synthetase, which form a multi-enzyme complex with two PRPP synthetase-associated proteins.
IMP accumulates in fast-twitch muscle during exercise, then falls as it is converted back to AMP, then ATP. , 2006). 8, hypoxanthine is oxidized to xanthine, then uric acid, by xanthine oxidase, which also has general aldehyde oxidase activity. It is a molybdenum-containing ﬂavoprotein with two iron-sulphur centres. The reaction involves reduction of MoVI to MoIV by transfer of electrons from the substrate, followed by electron transfer to the ﬂavin via the iron-sulphur centres and reduction of oxygen to hydrogen peroxide.
Amino Acid Metabolism, Third Edition by David A Bender(auth.)